DOI: 10.3390/sym16010027 ISSN: 2073-8994

Calogero-like Model without Rearrangement Symmetry

Miloslav Znojil
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

Reinterpretation of mathematics behind the exactly solvable Calogero’s A-particle quantum model is used to propose its generalization. Firstly, it is argued that the strongly singular nature of Calogero’s particle–particle interactions makes the original permutation-invariant Hamiltonian tractable as a direct sum H=⨁Ha of isospectral components, which are mutually independent. Secondly, after the elimination of the center-of-mass motion, the system is reconsidered as existing in the reduced Euclidean space RA−1 of relative coordinates and decaying into a union of subsets Wa called Weyl chambers. The mutual independence of the related reduced forms of operators Ha enables us to makes them nonisospectral. This breaks the symmetry and unfolds the spectral degeneracy of H. A new multiparametric generalization of the conventional A-body Calogero model is obtained. Its detailed description is provided up to A=4.

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