DOI: 10.1063/5.0191145 ISSN: 0003-6951

Broadband transmissive polarization rotator by gradiently twisted α -MoO3

Songyan Hou, Hao Hu, Zhihong Liu, Weichuan Xing, Jincheng Zhang
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Polarization engineering has been proven to enhance the capabilities of light manipulation and thus facilitate the development of integrated photonic devices. In this study, we introduce a polarization rotator based on a gradiently twisted α-MoO3 thin film, which works in the mid-infrared range and functions in a transmission mode. To be specific, the proposed device is constructed by gradiently twisted α-MoO3 multilayers with a subwavelength thickness of only 5 μm, namely, one-third of the working wavelength. Our analytical calculation demonstrates the efficacy of this subwavelength thin film rotator in converting a linearly polarized wave into its orthogonal counterpart, thanks to its chiral nature. The twisted α-MoO3 multilayers exhibit the capability to significantly manipulate dispersion characteristics while maintaining low optical losses, thereby enabling a wide bandwidth exceeding 2.5 THz with a polarization ratio surpassing 17 dB. Moreover, the operational frequency can be adjusted across a 3.4 THz range by altering the incident angle of the incident waves. This adaptable design, characterized by its polarization versatility, can be customized to suit practical applications within wireless communication, radar systems, optical switching, and imaging technologies.

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