DOI: 10.1177/09603271231225744 ISSN: 0960-3271

Potential induction of hyperkeratosis in rats’ cervi by gentamicin via induction of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis

Walaa Yehia Abdelzaher, Mina Ezzat Attya, Mohamed Ahmed Zeen El-Din, Alaa Gamal El Satae, Hatem A Mohamed, Remon R Rofaeil
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology
  • General Medicine

The present study aimed to identify the possible effect of gentamicin (GEN) in Rats’ Cervi. Estradiol Valerate (EV) was used to induce cervical hyperkeratosis. GEN was administered in absence of EV. Serum and cervical GEN concentration were determined. Levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), total nitrites/nitrate (NOx), reduced glutathione (GSH), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), sirtuin type 1 (Sirt1) and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like-2 factors (Nrf2) were measured in cervix tissue. Expression of BAX and Bcl2 were determined. Cervical histopathological examination was done. EV and GEN significantly increased MDA, NOx, TNF-α and BAX/Bcl2 ratio with decrease in GSH, Nrf2 and Sirt1 levels in cervical tissue. Histopathological picture of diffuse and marked hyperkeratosis was detected in EV and GEN groups. In conclusion, GEN-induced cervical hyperkeratosis via induction of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis.

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