DOI: 10.3390/applbiosci3010010 ISSN: 2813-0464

Biostimulant Effect of Commercial Rhizobacteria Formulation on the Growth of Vitis vinifera L.: Case of Optimal and Water Deficit Conditions

Vasileios Papantzikos, Areti Papanikou, Vasileios Stournaras, Paraskevi Mpeza, Spiridon Mantzoukas, Georgios Patakioutas

As climate change is an imminent threat to the environment and agriculture, there is an increasing need to find immediate solutions capable of compensating for water deficits even in semi-arid conditions. This study is focused on the evaluation of the vegetative growth of grapevine plants Vitis vinifera L., of the Greek variety “Debina” in a water deficit environment, with the application of two bacterial-based formulations: one with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (strain QST 713) and one with Sinorhizobium meliloti (strain cepa B2352). The two formulations were tested under rational irrigation (100% of Available Water) and deficit irrigation (57% of AW). After 140 days, plant growth parameters, such as total plant growth length, leaf area, roots, shoots, and leaves dry biomass showed better performance on treatments with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) formulations under either rational or deficit irrigation conditions. In addition, the metabolic response of the grapevine plants to the deficit irrigation stress, such as the total chlorophyll, leaf relative water, total phenolic, and proline content, proved to be enriched on the treatments with PGPR formulations during this experiment. The two formulations, in conditions of abiotic stress, achieved to almost compensate for the irrigation deficit, boosting the plant metabolism. This study reveals the need for further research on PGPR biostimulants, as this first trial of these formulations on grapevine could be significant in the case of water scarcity and climate change.

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