Bryan Sun, Prushoth Vivekanantha, Hassaan A. Khalik, David Slawaska‐Eng, Jeffrey Kay, Jansen Johnson, Darren de SA

Approximately half of pediatric or adolescent patients undergoing revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction return to the same level of sport or higher: A systematic review

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

AbstractPurposeTo summarise the surgical techniques and clinical outcomes in paediatric and adolescent patients undergoing revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (r‐ACLR).MethodsThree databases (MEDLINE, PubMed and EMBASE) were searched from inception to 29 July 2023. The authors adhered to the PRISMA and R‐AMSTAR guidelines as well as the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Data on demographics, surgical details, patient‐reported outcome measures (PROMs), rates of instability, rupture and return to sport (RTS) were extracted.ResultsEight studies comprising 706 (711 knees) patients were included (48.7% female). The mean age at r‐ACLR was 17.1 years (range: 16.5–18.0). Autografts (67.5%) were more common than allografts (32.2%) in revision, with bone‐patellar tendon‐bone (BPTB) being the most prevalent autograft source (59.6%). Bone grafts were used in seven patients (4.8% of 146 patients). The most common femoral and tibial fixation techniques were interference screws (37.6% and 38.1%, of 244 patients, respectively). The most common tunnelling strategy was anatomic (69.1% of 236 patients), and meniscus repairs were performed in 39.7% of 256 patients. The re‐rupture rate was 13.0% in 293 patients. RTS at the same level or higher was 51.6% in 219 patients. The mean (SD) Lysholm score was 88.1 (12.9) in 78 patients, the mean (SD) Tegner score was 6.0 (1.6) in 78 patients, and the mean (SD) IKDC score was 82.6 (16.0) in 126 patients.ConclusionR‐ACLR in paediatric and adolescent patients predominantly uses BPTB autografts and interference screw femoral and tibial fixation with concomitant meniscal procedures. Rates of re‐rupture and RTS at the same level or higher were 13.0% and 51.6%, respectively. Information from this review can provide orthopaedic surgeons with a comprehensive understanding of the most commonly used operative techniques and their outcomes for revision ACLR in this population.Level of Evidence: Level IV.

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