Verena Tripke, Nils Sommer

An update on liver surgery – a new terminology and modern techniques

  • Surgery

Abstract Liver surgery is the cornerstone of the curative treatment of malignant liver tumors. However, the liver anatomy is very complex, and liver surgery is still associated with relevant morbidity despite many technical advances. The Brisbane nomenclature is used worldwide to classify liver resection. However, this nomenclature has several limitations as multiple terms are used for the same type of resection. Non-anatomical resections, multiple resections, and combined bilio-vascular resections were not mentioned. Therefore, new terminologies have been proposed for the precise and simple classification of liver resection. Furthermore, in recent years, many technical innovations have been introduced in liver surgery, such as 3D imaging systems and indocyanine green fluorescence, for better preoperative and intraoperative identification of tumor localization and critical vascular structures. Minimally invasive techniques are used more frequently in liver surgery. Potential benefits include less intraoperative blood loss, less pain, and a shorter hospital stay. The implementation of robotic systems also has an impact on liver surgery, and the number of cases reported in the literature is constantly increasing. The potential benefits of robotic liver resection over laparoscopic liver resection will be the subject of future studies.

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