DOI: 10.3390/ijgi13010003 ISSN: 2220-9964

An Improved BLG Tree for Trajectory Compression with Constraints of Road Networks

Minshi Liu, Ling Zhang, Yi Long, Yong Sun, Mingwei Zhao
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Geography, Planning and Development

With the rising popularity of portable mobile positioning equipment, the volume of mobile trajectory data is increasing. Therefore, trajectory data compression has become an important basis for trajectory data processing, analysis, and mining. According to the literature, it is difficult with trajectory compression methods to balance compression accuracy and efficiency. Among these methods, the one based on spatiotemporal characteristics has low compression accuracy due to its failure to consider the relationship with the road network, while the one based on map matching has low compression efficiency because of the low efficiency of the original method. Therefore, this paper proposes a trajectory segmentation and ranking compression (TSRC) method based on the road network to improve trajectory compression precision and efficiency. The TSRC method first extracts feature points of a trajectory based on road network structural characteristics, splits the trajectory at the feature points, ranks the trajectory points of segmented sub-trajectories based on a binary line generalization (BLG) tree, and finally merges queuing feature points and sub-trajectory points and compresses trajectories. The TSRC method is verified on two taxi trajectory datasets with different levels of sampling frequency. Compared with the classic spatiotemporal compression method, the TSRC method has higher accuracy under different compression degrees and higher overall efficiency. Moreover, when the two methods are combined with the map-matching method, the TSRC method not only has higher accuracy but also can improve the efficiency of map matching.

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