DOI: 10.53391/mmnsa.1387125 ISSN: 2791-8564

An enhanced SUPG-stabilized finite element formulation for simulating natural phenomena governed by coupled system of reaction-convection-diffusion equations

Many phenomena arising in nature, science, and industry can be modeled by a coupled system of reaction-convection-diffusion (RCD) equations. Unfortunately, obtaining analytical solutions to RCD systems is typically not possible and, therefore, usually requires the use of numerical methods. On the other hand, since solutions to RCD-type equations can exhibit rapid changes and may have boundary/inner layers, classical computational tools yield approximations polluted with physically meaningless oscillations when convection dominates the transport process. Towards that end, in order to eliminate such numerical instabilities without sacrificing accuracy, this work employs a stabilized finite element formulation, the so-called streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method. The SUPG-stabilized formulation is then also supplemented with the YZ$\beta$ shock-capturing mechanism to achieve higher-quality approximations around sharp gradients. A comprehensive set of numerical test experiments, including cross-diffusion systems, the Schnakenberg reaction model, and mussel-algae interactions, is considered to reveal the robustness of the proposed formulation, which we call the SUPG-YZ$\beta$ formulation. Comparisons with reported studies reveal that the proposed formulation performs quite well without introducing excessive numerical dissipation.

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