Zhenzihao Zhang, Turgay Ertekin, Xianlin Ma, Jie Zhan

An artificial-intelligence-based petrophysical property predictor for compositional volatile oil reservoir using three-phase production data

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

When considering multiphase flow scenarios, the interpretation of petrophysical properties poses significant challenges for production forecasts and reservoir modeling. The findings of the numerical modeling were therefore subject to uncertainty because characteristics like relative permeability and capillary pressure curve were hardly ever bound by interpretations. The uncertainty may result in inaccurate predictions of reservoir performance and skewed perceptions of the reservoir. Due to the difficulty in directly interpreting such property from the available field data and the expensive cost of coring, analyses or experimental measurements to determine relative permeability and capillary pressure were infrequently carried out. Such a gap would be filled by a straightforward yet rigorous method. In this study, we develop production projections for a wide range of three-phase compositional volatile oil reservoirs. Then, we used an artificial neural network to figure out how petrophysical characteristics and production data relate to one another. The artificial neural network model was adjusted, and the final trained model was tested blindly to determine how well it predicted permeability, multiphase relative permeability, and capillary pressure data. For the testing scenarios, consistency is seen between the predicted values and the original ones, despite some mispredictions being present. To provide production projections that can be compared to those from the reservoir model that include the initial petrophysical characteristic, the anticipated properties are then propagated into reservoir models. The comparison findings show that for 65/59/34 out of 74 testing scenarios, the reservoir model with artificial neural network-predicted features can anticipate oil/gas/water output with < 20% inaccuracy. With the developed artificial neural network tool, the reservoir engineers can evaluate the three-phase relative permeability surface from rate-transient data conveniently improving the accuracy of the relative permeability data implemented by history matching or from core experiments which sometimes are extremely expensive. The findings of this study can help for a better understanding of the relationships between three-phase rate-transient data and the relative permeability surface as well as the horizontal/vertical permeability.

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