DOI: 10.1177/03946320231223005 ISSN: 0394-6320

Alda-1 ameliorates air embolism-induced acute lung injury

Shu-Yu Wu, Shi-Jye Chu, Shih-En Tang, Hsin-Ping Pao, Wen-I Liao
  • Pharmacology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • General Medicine

Objective: Evidence suggests that aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) offers protection against damage caused by oxidative stress in diverse rodent models. Nonetheless, the effect of Alda-1, a compound that activates ALDH2, on acute lung injury (ALI) induced by air embolism (AE) remains unclear. The objective of this study was to explore the protective effects of Alda-1 in ALI induced by AE. Methods: A rat model of in situ isolated perfused lung was established to investigate AE-induced ALI. Air was infused into the pulmonary artery at 0.25 mL/min for 1 minute. Before inducing AE, different doses (10, 20, or 30 mg/kg) of Alda-1 were given through intraperitoneal injection. Pathological changes in lung tissue were assessed using hematoxylin-eosin staining. We performed Western blot analysis to assess the protein levels of ALDH2,4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal (4-HNE), Bcl-2, caspase-3, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, IκB-α, and nuclear NF-κB. Results: Notably, AE results were demonstrated as harmful to the lungs, which is evidenced by intensified lung edema and disruption of lung tissue structure. Furthermore, AE caused a decrease in ALDH2 expression, increased accumulation of 4-HNE and MDA, infiltration of neutrophils, increased production of inflammatory cytokines, apoptosis, and upregulation of the PI3K/Akt and NF-κB signaling pathways within the lungs. Administration of a 20 mg/kg dose of Alda-1 alleviated the detrimental effects induced by AE. Conclusion: Alda-1 shows promise in mitigating AE-induced ALI, possibly through the upregulation of ALDH2 expression and suppression of the PI3K/Akt and NF-κB signaling pathways. Further research is warranted to validate these findings and to explore their translational potential in human subjects.

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