DOI: 10.3390/ph17030364 ISSN: 1424-8247

Adverse Reactions to Evolocumab: Analysis of Real-World Data from EudraVigilance

Fabrizio Calapai, Carmen Mannucci, Mariaconcetta Currò, Luigi Cardia, Emanuela Esposito, Gioacchino Calapai, Ilaria Ammendolia
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Molecular Medicine

Background: Evolocumab is a humanized immunoglobulin G2 monoclonal antibody, directed against Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin type 9 (PCSK9), prescribed in hypercholesterolemic patients. The safety profile of this drug is currently defined by the data of pre-authorization clinical trials. The purpose of this study is to update knowledge of the safety of evolocumab through an analysis of post-marketing real-world data on suspected adverse reactions (SARs), reported by the EudraVigilance database system. Methods: The public version of the EudraVigilance database has been used, and only serious SARs signals were included. Results: Musculoskeletal system disorders, flu-like symptoms, injection-site reactions, skin reactions, and metabolism and nutrition disorders are observed in the post-marketing surveillance, as well as being found in the pre-authorization studies. Not previously signaled in the pre-marketing studies, diarrhea was reported. Furthermore, signals related to cardiac adverse reactions, more frequently at the expense of adults in comparison to elders, were found. Conclusions: The post-marketing safety profile of evolocumab emerging from an analysis of the EudraVigilance data system indicates it is sufficiently safe but suggests the necessity for caution when it is prescribed to hyperlipidemic patients affected by heart diseases.

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