Acquired Hemophilia A after SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Case Report and an Updated Systematic ReviewMárton Németh, Diána Mühl, Csaba Csontos, Ágnes Nagy, Hussain Alizadeh, Zsolt Szakács
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
The role of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acquired hemophilia A (AHA). The aim of this study is to report our case and to summarize clinical studies on de novo AHA after SARS-CoV-2 infection. We performed a systematic search on the association of SARS-CoV-2 with AHA in four medical databases up to 28 May 2023. Eligible studies should include de novo AHA patients who had SARS-CoV-2 infection before or concomitant with the diagnosis of AHA. Findings were synthesized narratively. In addition, we report the case of a 62-year-old female patient, who presented to our clinic with left flank pain 2 weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Clinical investigations confirmed AHA and imaging studies revealed retroperitoneal bleeding. Her hemostasis was successfully secured with bypassing agents; however, despite immunosuppressive therapy, high inhibitor titer persisted. In the systematic review, we identified only 12 relevant cases with a questionable cause–effect relationship between SARS-CoV-2 infection and AHA. Based on the qualitative analysis of the relevant publications, current clinical evidence is insufficient to support a cause–effect relationship. The analysis of data from ongoing AHA registries can serve further evidence.