DOI: 10.1177/1475472x231225630 ISSN: 1475-472X

Acoustic measurements in single-rotor/wing interaction at low disk loading and Reynolds number

Mingtai Chen, Jie Hua, Nick Maier, Dylan Burdette
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Aerospace Engineering

The tiltrotor design is favored for urban air mobility (UAM) prototypes due to the combination of vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) capability and efficient forward flight. With rising UAM air traffic at low altitudes, noise from these aircraft is a crucial design factor. Most tiltrotor noise research focuses on high disk loading and Reynolds number setups, leaving smaller aircraft configurations less explored. This study investigates aero-acoustic trends from rotor-wing interaction at low disk loading ([Formula: see text]100 N/m2) and Reynolds number (Re < 100,000). While prior literature suggests lowering disk loading and reducing rotor wake interference can mitigate rotor noise, such ideas lack empirical validation. The setup involves an anechoic chamber housing a two-blade rotor, along with flat and NACA 0012 airfoil wings. Microphones and a rotation stage capture acoustic data for analysis. Factors like flow recirculation, isolated rotor noise, rotor height, rotation direction/rate, and wing curvature are assessed for impact on noise signature. It is found that the deflected rotor wake in rotor-wing interaction significantly increases low-frequency broadband noise and overall sound pressure level (OASPL), compared to an isolated rotor. Dominant tonal noise diminishes based on the strength of the deflected rotor wake. These findings offer insights into reducing noise from rotor wake impingement on the wing.

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