DOI: 10.1177/14613484231219150 ISSN: 1461-3484

Study on acoustic performance of new spiral sound absorbing and insulating metamaterial

Song Liu, Pan-pan Liu, Ren-jie Zhao, Jian-hua Lu, Kang Yang, Huayu Zhou, Yi-fan Du
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geophysics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Middle and low frequency band sound waves have strong penetration and diffraction abilities during the propagation process, making it difficult to attenuate. The control of middle and low frequency broadband sound waves has become a challenging topic. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new materials or structures with middle and low frequency sound absorption, insulation, and noise reduction functions. The special properties of acoustic metamaterial provide new ideas for the development of sound absorption and insulation. In order to effectively control the noise in the lower frequency band, a new spatial spiral acoustic metamaterial was designed. First, the mechanism of band gap characteristics of a new spatial spiral acoustic metamaterial is analyzed. Then, a new spatial spiral acoustic metamaterial is completed through the finite element software COMSOL Multiphysics and the calculation and analysis of sound absorption and insulation performance in the 100–2500 Hz frequency band are completed. With the help of 3D printing, the preparation of metamaterial is completed, and the comparative experimental study of sound absorption and insulation performance of spiral acoustic metamaterial is carried out to verify the accuracy of the calculation method.

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