DOI: 10.1177/14613484231216266 ISSN: 1461-3484

Iterative singular value decomposition-based in-band denoising approach with envelope order analysis for sun gear fault diagnosis of planetary system under varying speed

Hongwei Fan, Jiexiang Huang, Zhongfu Ren, Xiangang Cao, Xuhui Zhang
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geophysics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

The vibration signal of the planetary gear train is easily disturbed by the background noise, so the measured signal is complicated. In order to accurately extract the fault features, the resonance method has been widely used. However, even if the optimal resonance frequency band is found, the in-band noise still exists, so it is necessary to study an effective in-band denoising method. In this paper, an in-band denoising method based on Iterative Singular Value Decomposition (ISVD) is proposed for the fault diagnosis of the secondary sun gear of a planetary gear train, combined with the envelope order spectrum analysis. This method uses the enhanced Wavelet Packet Transform Spectral Kurtosis (WPTSK) to determine the best frequency band for the signal, and uses the ISVD method to realize the signal denoising. It sets a threshold to avoid the destruction of the useful information caused by the excessive iteration, and uses the relationship between the singular values and frequency components to reconstruct the denoised signal. Finally, the signal is converted to the fault characteristic order domain by resampling to identify the fault type of the sun gear from the envelope order spectrum. The simulation and experimental results show that compared with the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD), the ISVD can effectively suppress the in-band noise and more accurately extract the fault characteristic order of the secondary sun gear under varying speed.

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