Abundance and Diversification of Repetitive Elements in Decapoda GenomesChristelle Rutz, Lena Bonassin, Arnaud Kress, Caterina Francesconi, Ljudevit Luka Boštjančić, Dorine Merlat, Kathrin Theissinger, Odile Lecompte
- Genetics (clinical)
Repetitive elements are a major component of DNA sequences due to their ability to propagate through the genome. Characterization of Metazoan repetitive profiles is improving; however, current pipelines fail to identify a significant proportion of divergent repeats in non-model organisms. The Decapoda order, for which repeat content analyses are largely lacking, is characterized by extremely variable genome sizes that suggest an important presence of repetitive elements. Here, we developed a new standardized pipeline to annotate repetitive elements in non-model organisms, which we applied to twenty Decapoda and six other Crustacea genomes. Using this new tool, we identified 10% more repetitive elements than standard pipelines. Repetitive elements were more abundant in Decapoda species than in other Crustacea, with a very large number of highly repeated satellite DNA families. Moreover, we demonstrated a high correlation between assembly size and transposable elements and different repeat dynamics between Dendrobranchiata and Reptantia. The patterns of repetitive elements largely reflect the phylogenetic relationships of Decapoda and the distinct evolutionary trajectories within Crustacea. In summary, our results highlight the impact of repetitive elements on genome evolution in Decapoda and the value of our novel annotation pipeline, which will provide a baseline for future comparative analyses.