DOI: 10.2478/prilozi-2023-0055 ISSN: 1857-8985

Abdominal Wall Endometriosis at the Cesarean Section Scar

Meral Rexhepi, Learta Veliu Asani, Luljeta Mulaki, Kazimir Koprivnjak, Majlinda Azemi


Abdominal wall endometriosis is atypical localization of the extra-pelvic endometriosis with non-specific symptoms and is difficult for diagnosis. Cesarean scar endometriosis (CSE) is the most common type of abdominal wall endometriosis, which usually develops after obstetric operations. We report a case of a 33-year-old woman who had two previous cesarean sections presented with a mass in the subcutaneous tissue of the abdominal wall, approximately 4 cm superior to the Pfannenstiel incision, 5 years after her second lower segment caesarean section. The classic clinical presentation, imaging findings on ultrasonography and computed tomography are analyzed. Treatment with local surgical excision of the mass is discussed. The diagnosis was confirmed with histopathological analysis of the surgical sample. When it comes to the limited painful lesion in the subcutaneous tissue at the cesarean scar, with a pain intensifying during menstruation, the physician should consider cesarean scar endometriosis in women of reproductive age with a history of cesarean section.

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