Chae-Wook Lim

A Study of a Gain-Scheduled Individual Pitch Controller for an NREL 5 MW Wind Turbine

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

In order to reduce the asymmetric load acting on the blades of MW-class wind turbines, it is necessary to apply an individual pitch controller that independently adjusts the pitch angles of the three blades. This paper takes a new look at the relationship between the individual pitch controller applied to MW-class wind turbines and the vibration mode of the blades. The purpose of this study is to propose a method in which the individual pitch controller further reduces the 1P component of the bending moment in the out-of-plane direction acting on the blade, without exciting the in-plane vibration mode of the blade within the entire wind speed range, from the rated wind speed to the cut-out wind speed. To this end, a problem related to the excitation of the blade’s vibration mode that may occur when applying the individual pitch controller to an NREL 5 MW wind turbine is examined, and a method that uses gain scheduling to overcome this problem is presented. It is confirmed that it is possible to solve the problem of exciting the first-order vibration mode in the in-plane direction of the blade that can occur in the high wind speed range by applying the proposed gain scheduling method to the individual pitch controller aimed at reducing the 1P component of the out-of-plane bending moment of the blade.

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