A Splicing Variant in RDH8 Is Associated with Autosomal Recessive Stargardt Macular DystrophyStefania Zampatti, Cristina Peconi, Giulia Calvino, Rosangela Ferese, Stefano Gambardella, Raffaella Cascella, Jacopo Sebastiani, Benedetto Falsini, Andrea Cusumano, Emiliano Giardina
- Genetics (clinical)
Stargardt macular dystrophy is a genetic disorder, but in many cases, the causative gene remains unrevealed. Through a combined approach (whole-exome sequencing and phenotype/family-driven filtering algorithm) and a multilevel validation (international database searching, prediction scores calculation, splicing analysis assay, segregation analyses), a biallelic mutation in the RDH8 gene was identified to be responsible for Stargardt macular dystrophy in a consanguineous Italian family. This paper is a report on the first family in which a biallelic deleterious mutation in RDH8 is detected. The disease phenotype is consistent with the expected phenotype hypothesized in previous studies on murine models. The application of the combined approach to genetic data and the multilevel validation allowed the identification of a splicing mutation in a gene that has never been reported before in human disorders.