DOI: 10.1097/mog.0000000000000966 ISSN: 0267-1379

A review of deep learning and radiomics approaches for pancreatic cancer diagnosis from medical imaging

Lanhong Yao, Zheyuan Zhang, Elif Keles, Cemal Yazici, Temel Tirkes, Ulas Bagci
  • Gastroenterology

Purpose of review

Early and accurate diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is crucial for improving patient outcomes, and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms have the potential to play a vital role in computer-aided diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. In this review, we aim to provide the latest and relevant advances in AI, specifically deep learning (DL) and radiomics approaches, for pancreatic cancer diagnosis using cross-sectional imaging examinations such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Recent findings

This review highlights the recent developments in DL techniques applied to medical imaging, including convolutional neural networks (CNNs), transformer-based models, and novel deep learning architectures that focus on multitype pancreatic lesions, multiorgan and multitumor segmentation, as well as incorporating auxiliary information. We also discuss advancements in radiomics, such as improved imaging feature extraction, optimized machine learning classifiers and integration with clinical data. Furthermore, we explore implementing AI-based clinical decision support systems for pancreatic cancer diagnosis using medical imaging in practical settings.


Deep learning and radiomics with medical imaging have demonstrated strong potential to improve diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic cancer, facilitate personalized treatment planning, and identify prognostic and predictive biomarkers. However, challenges remain in translating research findings into clinical practice. More studies are required focusing on refining these methods, addressing significant limitations, and developing integrative approaches for data analysis to further advance the field of pancreatic cancer diagnosis.

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