A rare case of chordoma cutisDayeon Jung, Seung Min Ko, Jinwon Seo, Eun Joo Park, Kwang Joong Kim, Kwang Ho Kim
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Chordoma is a rare locally aggressive bone malignancy that originates from the notochord. It typically involves the sacrococcygeal area, spheno‐occipital region of the skull, and spine. Cutaneous involvement of chordoma, termed as chordoma cutis, is uncommon and usually occurs via direct invasion or local recurrence. Distant metastasis to the skin is very rare. We report a case of chordoma cutis on the scalp, which lacked characteristic physaliferous cells but tested positive for brachyury, thus supporting the diagnosis of chordoma cutis. The patient, who presented with a solitary translucent nodule on the scalp, was previously diagnosed with chordoma on the vertebral column and skull 8 months prior. Microscopic examination showed a cord‐like arrangement of plasmacytoid cells within a myxoid stroma. Physaliferous cells were not observed, and cytokeratin AE1/AE3 staining was negative; however, brachyury and epithelial membrane antigen staining was positive, leading to the diagnosis of chordoma cutis. Therefore, clinicians must include chordoma cutis in the differential diagnosis of translucent nodular lesions on the skin of patients formerly diagnosed with chordoma.