DOI: 10.3390/rs15174296 ISSN:

A Random Forest Algorithm Combined with Bayesian Optimization for Atmospheric Duct Estimation

Chao Yang, Yulu Wang, Aoxiang Zhang, Hualei Fan, Lixin Guo
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

Inversion of atmospheric ducts is of great importance in the field of performance evaluation for radar and communication systems. Since the model parameters in machine learning play a crucial role in prediction performance, this paper develops a random forest (RF) model integrated with Bayesian optimization (BO) called BO-RF for atmospheric duct prediction, and the BO is adopted to determine appropriate model parameters during the training process. In addition, the K-fold cross-validation (CV) method is also incorporated into the model to obtain the best model partition and overcome the overfitting problem. To test the performance of the proposed model, the results obtained by the BO-RF are compared with other commonly used methods, such as classical RF, extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) with/without BO, and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) with/without BO. Comparisons demonstrate that BO-RF has the best accuracy and anti-noise ability for the estimation of duct parameters.

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