DOI: 10.25259/sni_858_2023 ISSN: 2152-7806

A prospective-randomized placebo-controlled trial comparing the effects of nebulized dexmedetomidine v/s dexmedetomidine-lignocaine mixture on intraoperative hemodynamics and surgical field quality in patients undergoing endoscopic transnasal transsp

Ranganatha Praveen, Manikandan Sethuraman, Smita Vimala, Unnikrishnan Prathapadas, Ajay Prasad Hrishi, Prakash Nair, Sarath Surendran, Arvin Ahuja, Revikrishnan Sreekumar, Bijith Vishnu, Matham Gowtham
  • Neurology (clinical)
  • Surgery


During transnasal transsphenoidal pituitary surgery (TNTSS), the primary objective is to maintain stable hemodynamics while ensuring ideal surgical conditions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nebulized dexmedetomidine on hemodynamic parameters and the quality of the surgical field during TNTSS.


Seventy-five patients scheduled for TNTSS were randomized into three groups of 25 each and received preoperative nebulization with 5 mL of nebulizing fluid consisting of 1.5 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine with saline in dexmedetomidine (D) group; 1.5 μg/kg of dexmedetomidine with 2% lignocaine in dexmedetomidine-lignocaine (DL) group and normal saline in the control (S) group. Heart rate (HR), mean blood pressure, Formmers score, anesthetic requirement, and emergence were evaluated for each group.


Group S had significantly higher HR and mean arterial pressure than the other two groups across various time points during surgery (P < 0.01). The total requirements for fentanyl, propofol, sevoflurane, and labetalol and the incidence of delayed emergence were significantly higher in the S group compared to the other two groups (P < 0.01). The D and DL groups exhibited significantly better surgical field conditions than the S group. In all the parameters assessed, patients in the D group outperformed those in the DL group.


The administration of nebulized dexmedetomidine, both alone and in combination with lignocaine, resulted in stable hemodynamics, favorable operative conditions, reduced anesthetic requirement, and facilitated prompt emergence during TNTSS. Nebulized dexmedetomidine proved superior to its combination with lignocaine across all evaluated parameters.

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