DOI: 10.1302/1358-992x.2024.1.041 ISSN: 1358-992X


S. Singh, S. Dhar, S. Kale

The management of comminuted metaphyseal fractures is a technical challenge and satisfactory outcomes of such fixations often remain elusive. The small articular fragments and bone loss often make it difficult for standard fixation implants for proper fixation. We developed a novel technique to achieve anatomical reduction in multiple cases of comminuted metaphyseal fractures at different sites by employing the cantilever mechanism with the help of multiple thin Kirschner wires augmented by standard fixation implants.

We performed a retrospective study of 10 patients with different metaphyseal fractures complicated by comminution and loss of bone stock. All patients were treated with the help of cantilever mechanism using multiple Kirschner wires augmented by compression plates. All the patients were operated by the same surgeon between November 2020 to March 2021 and followed up till March 2023. Surgical outcomes were evaluated according to the clinical and radiological criteria.

A total of 10 patients were included in the study. Since we only included patients with highly unstable and comminuted fractures which were difficult to fix with traditional methods, the number of patients in the study were less. All 10 patients showed satisfactory clinical and radiological union at the end of the study with good range of motion. One of the patient in the study had post-operative wound complication which was managed conservatively with regular dressings and oral antibiotics.

Comminuted metaphyseal fractures might differ in pattern and presentation with every patient and there can be no standard treatment for all. The cantilever technique of fracture fixation is based on the principle of cantilever mechanism used in bridges and helps achieve good anatomical reduction and fixation. It provides a decent alternative when standard modes of fixation don't give desired result owing to comminuted nature of fractures and deficiency of bone stock.

More from our Archive