Shengli Si, Wei Sun, Yuwei Wang

A decentralized dispatch model for multiple micro energy grids system considering renewable energy uncertainties and energy interactions

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Micro energy grids (MEGs) play a vital role in realizing carbon neutrality and efficient utilization of renewable energy resources. This research focuses on optimizing the synergy of MEG interconnections. Given the diverse development paths of different operating entities within the system, information barriers emerge among MEGs, creating great difficulties for the collaborative system management. In response, this paper proposes a decentralized coordinated dispatch model targeting multiple stakeholders within the system. This model accounts for energy interactions between MEGs and the inherent uncertainty associated with renewable energy sources. Specifically, stochastic optimization approach was applied to characterize the uncertainty of renewable energy output by generating stochastic scenarios. Furthermore, it incorporates the analytical target cascading (ATC) method to decouple objective functions and constraints, creating autonomous scheduling sub-models for individual MEGs. This decentralized approach ensures independent modeling and coordinated problem-solving. Simulations verify that (1) the ATC-based inter-MEG energy interaction strategy effectively achieves decentralized coordinated scheduling of multiple MEGs and (2) the decentralized coordinated scheduling solution closely approximates the global optimum while considering the interest of various system entities.

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