DOI: 10.1029/2023jb027254 ISSN: 2169-9313

A Continental Model of Curie Point Depth for China and Surroundings Based on Equivalent Source Method

Yu Lei, Liguo Jiao, Qinghua Huang, Jiyao Tu
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics


The Curie Point Depth (CPD) marks a significant temperature boundary (∼580°C) within the Earth's lithosphere. However, there has been ongoing debate regarding its spatial distribution. In this research, we utilized the Equivalent Source Method (ESM) based on Gauss‐Legendre integration and data obtained from the EMM2017 model, along with a five‐layer susceptibility model, to generate a 0.5° × 0.5° grid of continental CPD distribution for China and surroundings. The average CPD in the study area is 30.4 km, which is slightly shallower than the average depth of global continental Moho (∼33 km). Notably, stable and cold cratonic basins, such as the Tarim Basin and the Sichuan Basin, exhibit deep CPD of ∼45 km. In contrast, the North China Craton, which has experienced significant tectono‐thermal activity since the Late Mesozoic, shows moderate CPD of ∼30 km and a gradual uplift from west to east. The Tuva‐Mongol orocline within the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, the Deccan Volcanic Province in the Indian subcontinent and the Eastern Yangtze Craton have shallow CPD of ∼20 km. We estimate the surface heat flow by CPD, and the result is consistent with measurements within a RMSE of 18.1 mW/m2. When comparing the CPD with Moho, we find that the CPD may lie below Moho in stable and cold cratonic areas. In comparison to two recent global CPD models, our regional model demonstrates better alignment with tectonic features.

More from our Archive