DOI: 10.3390/life14030376 ISSN: 2075-1729

Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation Use—Practice Recommendations of the Slovak Society of Pulmonology and Phthisiology

Pavol Pobeha, Imrich Mucska, Robert Vysehradsky, Marta Hajkova, Ivana Paranicova, Pavol Joppa
  • Paleontology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is increasingly used as a treatment method for patients with respiratory failure. The first recommendations for the use of NIPPV in Slovakia were developed by the Slovak Society of Pulmonology and Phthisiology in 2007 and were partially revised in 2015. New scientific evidence prompted the present update, which is based on widely accepted international guidelines and was adapted to address local needs. Important features of the present update include a classification of acute indications for NIPPV into three categories based on the level of supporting evidence, namely 1. definite indications for in-hospital use of NIPPV; 2. possible indications for in-hospital use of NIPPV; and 3. disorders and states in which in-hospital use of NIPPV is not recommended. The current update also reflects the importance of comorbid sleep-related breathing disorders and other chronic respiratory conditions, as well as the use and limitations of continuous positive airway pressure therapy. Since oxygen therapy is often administered along with NIPPV, guidance on the safe use of oxygen in NIPPV-treated patients has also been included. Also, the present update extends the range of its users, addressing the needs of specialists in pediatric respiratory medicine as a novelty.

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