Sirikwan Laksap, Suphisara Suanboon, Manoo Punyamung, Chedtapak Ruengdit, Sakorn Pornprasert

A comparative evaluation of the analytical performances of premier resolution-high-performance liquid chromatography (PR-HPLC) with capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) assays for the detection of hemoglobin variants and the quantitation of HbA0

  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • General Medicine

Abstract Objectives Hemoglobinopathies, including thalassemia and hemoglobin (Hb) variants, are common hematological disorders in tropical countries. Accurate and precise separation of hemoglobin types and reliable quantitation are necessary for differential diagnosis of these disorders. Methods We have evaluated the analytical performances of premier resolution-high-performance liquid chromatography (PR-HPLC; Trinity Biotech, Co. Wicklow, Ireland) to assist in the presumptive diagnosis of thalassemia and Hb variants commonly found in Southeast Asian countries. HbA0, HbA2, HbE, and HbF levels were separated and quantified in 120 blood samples from unrelated adult subjects and compared with those analyzed by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE; CAPILLARYS™ 2, Sebia, Norcross, GA, US). The Hb analysis patterns of Hb variants obtained from the PR-HPLC system were also compared to those obtained from HPLC (VARIANT II, β-thalassemia Short Program, Bio-Rad, Laboratories, Hercules, CA, US) and CZE systems. Results The PR-HPLC had excellent precision with a coefficient of variation (CV) for HbA2 quantitation of 3.8 % within-run and 5.2 % between-run. The levels of HbA2/E quantified by the PR-HPLC system correlated well with those of the CZE system (r=0.997). In addition, thalassemia interpretation results obtained from the PR-HPLC and the CZE showed 100 % agreement. Moreover, chromatograms of the PR-HPLC were also comparable to those of VII-HPLC and CAP2-CZE electropherograms. Conclusions The PR-HPLC system would be applicable to diagnose common forms of thalassemia and Hb variants in Southeast Asia.

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