DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofad597 ISSN: 2328-8957

A Clinicopathological Categorization System for Clinical Research in Coccidioidomycosis

Paul Krogstad, George R Thompson, Arash Heidari, Rasha Kuran, Alexis V Stephens, Manish J Butte, Royce Johnson
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Oncology


A wide array of clinical manifestations follow infection with Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii, ranging from asymptomatic infection to life-threatening pulmonary disease or extrapulmonary dissemination and meningitis. Epidemiological studies require consistent definitions of cases and their comparative clinical features. Understanding host and pathogen determinants of the severity of coccidioidomycosis also requires that specific clinical features (such as coccidioidal meningitis) and their overlap be precisely defined and quantified. Here we propose a system for categorization of outcomes of coccidioidomycosis in individuals who are not overtly immunocompromised that harmonizes clinical assessments during translational research of this increasingly common disease.

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