DOI: 10.1093/bjd/ljad162.052 ISSN: 0007-0963

432 Comparative treatment persistence of different advanced-therapies in patients with atopic dermatitis

Eric Sanfilippo, Sneha Iyer, Jonathan I Silverberg
  • Dermatology


Multiple advanced therapies are used to treat atopic dermatitis (AD), each with different efficacy, safety, tolerability, accessibility and treatment success that can affect treatment persistence. Little is known about how treatment persistence rates compare between different therapies. We compared treatment persistence for subcutaneous dupilumab, oral cyclosporine, mycophenolate, and upadacitinib, and narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) treatment of AD. A retrospective observational study was performed of patients with physician-diagnosed atopic AD from a large metropolitan tertiary care medical center. Medical records were reviewed for race, ethnicity, disease severity and use of therapies from 10/01/2015 to 10/1/2021. The AD cases were identified using Hanifin–Rajka criteria. Drug persistence was assessed using proportion of patients who discontinued therapy and median time to discontinuation. Chi-square tests were used to assess if there were differences in drug discontinuation rates by advanced therapy. Overall, 766 patients with AD were identified, including 139 (18.1%) prescribed dupilumab, 10 (1.3%) cyclosporine, 21 (2.7%) mycophenolate, 5 (0.7%) upadacitinib and 64 (8.4%) NB-UVB; no patients were treated with methotrexate. Drug persistence was highest for upadacitinib (100%), followed by dupilumab (86.3%), mycophenolate (38.1%), cyclosporine (30.0%) and NB-UVB (12.5%) (Chi-square, P < 0.0001). Highest median (days) time to discontinuation was observed with dupilumab (638), followed by cyclosporine (539), mycophenolate (274) and NB-UVB (167). Lack of efficacy was the most common reason for discontinuation of dupilumab, cyclosporine, mycophenolate and NB-UVB alike. Discontinuation due to adverse-events was highest for cyclosporine (42.9%), followed by dupilumab (31.6%), mycophenolate (30.8%) and NB-UVB (16.1%). Dupilumab had the most patients who discontinued due to disease improvement and no longer requiring advanced-therapy (21.1%). Our data suggest that drug persistence varies substantially across different advanced therapies for AD. Recently approved advanced therapies, including dupilumab and upadacitinib, showed the highest proportion of drug persistence.

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