DOI: 10.1111/apps.12499 ISSN:

What happens at work does not always stay at work: Daily job crafting and detachment among colleagues

Ana Isabel Sanz‐Vergel, Karina Nielsen, Alfredo Rodríguez‐Muñoz, Mirko Antino
  • Applied Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Through job crafting, employees proactively change or modify their tasks, thus reducing adverse job demands or protecting resources. There is still a lack of understanding of the impact that job crafting may have on colleagues at work (crossover effect), and how this may affect their ability to disconnect from work (spillover effect). In the present daily diary study, we examine these two processes among 82 dyads of colleagues (N = 164 employees) over five consecutive working days (N = 820 observations). We found a number of crossover and differential spillover effects. For example, when the focal employee starts new challenging projects, their colleague reacts by reducing the number of stressful tasks. This, in turn, affects psychological detachment from work. Specifically, whereas increasing challenging demands hinders daily detachment, decreasing hindering demands facilitates it. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that the impact of job crafting goes beyond the focal employee and beyond the work domain.

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