DOI: 10.3390/colloids7040071 ISSN: 2504-5377

Wettability of Quartz by Ethanol, Rhamnolipid and Triton X-165 Aqueous Solutions with Regard to Its Surface Tension

Anna Zdziennicka, Katarzyna Szymczyk, Bronisław Jańczuk
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

The wettability of quartz by different liquids and solutions plays a very important role in practical applications. Hence, the wetting behaviour of ethanol (ET), rhamnolipid (RL) and Triton X-165 (TX165) aqueous solutions with regard to the quartz surface tension was investigated. The investigations were based on the contact angle measurements of water (W), formamide (F) and diiodomethane (D) as well as ET, RL and TX165 solutions on the quartz surface. The obtained results of the contact angle for W, F and D were used for the determination of quartz surface tension as well as its components and parameters using different approaches, whereas the results obtained for the aqueous solution of ET, RL and TX165 were considered with regard to their adsorption at the quartz–air, quartz–solution and solution–air interfaces as well as the solution interactions across the quartz–solution interface. The considerations of the relations between the contact angle and adsorption of solution components at different interfaces were based on the components and parameters of the quartz surface tension. They allow us to, among other things, establish the mechanism of the adsorption of individual components of the solution at the interfaces and standard Gibbs surface free energy of this adsorption.

More from our Archive