DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kead632 ISSN: 1462-0324

Viewpoint: The value of non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies

Bas de Laat, Rachel Gehlen, Philip G de Groot
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Rheumatology


In 2006, at a meeting in Sydney, Australia, consensus was reached by an international group of specialists to establish a number of serological criteria that identify patients with a history of thrombosis or pregnancy complications as having antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). These criteria were originally formulated for research purposes and to compare clinical trials in different centres. However, these same criteria are now generally used and accepted for the diagnosis and treatment of patients. The practice of using these criteria for direct patient care requires that these criteria are based on sound scientific evidence. Indeed, for all the autoantibodies that are officially included in the serological criteria, it has been shown that they induce thrombosis and fetal loss when infused into mice. There are also a number of additional autoantibodies that have been identified in these patients but for these antibodies there was not enough evidence to meet the official APS criteria in 2006. Seventeen years have now passed since the consensus meeting, therefore, this review examines whether additional studies performed with these ‘non-criteria’ autoantibodies have provided sufficient results to suggest the inclusion of these autoantibodies in the official serological criteria of APS.

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