DOI: 10.1002/celc.202300751 ISSN: 2196-0216

Transforming Disposed Face Masks into S‐Doped Carbon Nanofibers for High Performance Supercapacitors

Muge Ding, Rashidah Haneef, Shanghai Wei, Wei Gao
  • Electrochemistry
  • Catalysis


The substantial increase in discarded face masks since the onset of the COVID‐19 pandemic has resulted in extensive environmental pollution from plastic waste. This study presents a novel upcycling method to repurpose disposable face masks into a carbon‐based nanomaterial for use in supercapacitors. The upcycled sample, CSDFM@800, demonstrates very good supercapacitor properties, boasting a high specific capacitance of 234 F g−1 at a current density of 0.5 A g−1. Additionally, the symmetric coin cell supercapacitor constructed from this material exhibits excellent performance, achieving a high energy density of 8.54 Wh kg−1 at a low current density of 0.5 A g−1, and maintaining superior capacitance retention of 96.8 % after 15,000 charge/discharge cycles at a current density of 10 A g−1. Materials characterisation results and electrochemical analysis reveal that this upcycling process not only preserves the carbon nanofiber structure but also introduces highly reactive sulfur as a heteroatom doping element.

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