DOI: 10.1093/hr/uhad262 ISSN: 2052-7276

Tracking organelle activities through efficient and stable root genetic transformation system in woody plants

Jinli Gong, Yishan Chen, Yanna Xu, Miaofeng Gu, Haijie Ma, Xiaoli Hu, Xiaolong Li, Chen Jiao, Xuepeng Sun
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science
  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology


Due to the protracted transgenic timeline and low efficiency in stable genetic transformation of woody plants, there has been limited exploration of real-time organelle imaging within stable transgenic woody plant cells. Here, we established an efficient in vivo genetic transformation system for woody plants using Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated approach. This system was successfully validated in multiple perennial woody species. Using citrus as a model, we introduced organelle-targeted fluorescent reporters via genetic transformation and investigated their subcellular localization and dynamics using advanced imaging techniques, such as confocal microscopy and live-cell imaging. Moreover, we subjected transgenic MT-GFP-labeled mitochondria in root cells to stress conditions simulating agricultural adversities faced by fruit crops. The stress-induced experiments revealed notable alterations in mitochondrial morphology. Our study contributes novel insights into membrane trafficking processes, protein localization dynamics, and cellular physiology in woody plants, while also providing stable and efficient genetic transformation methods for perennial woody species.

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