DOI: 10.1177/1558689806298224 ISSN:

Toward a Definition of Mixed Methods Research

R. Burke Johnson, Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, Lisa A. Turner
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Education

The purpose of this article is to examine how the field of mixed methods currently is being defined. The authors asked many of the current leaders in mixed methods research how they define mixed methods research. The authors provide the leaders' definitions and discuss the content found as they searched for the criteria of demarcation. The authors provide a current answer to the question, What is mixed methods research? They also briefly summarize the recent history of mixed methods and list several issues that need additional work as the field continues to advance. They argue that mixed methods research is one of the three major “research paradigms” (quantitative research, qualitative research, and mixed methods research). The authors hope this article will contribute to the ongoing dialogue about how mixed methods research is defined and conceptualized by its practitioners.