DOI: 10.1177/00219983231192147 ISSN: 0021-9983

Thermo-visco mechanical behavior of glass fiber reinforced thermoplastic composite

Josephine Faddoul, Pierre Rahme, Dominique Guines, Lionel Leotoing
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites

Thermoplastic composite materials are being increasingly used in many domains, such as automotive, marine and aeronautics. This growing interest is due to the relatively good mechanical properties and the recycle-ability of these materials. In various heat assisted forming technologies, thermoplastic composites may be subjected to severe conditions such as high temperatures, complex strain paths and potentially significant strain rates. This is expected to highly influence the overall behavior of these materials and make the characterization of their mechanical behavior more complicated. In this paper, the mechanical behavior of discontinuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene composite is investigated at temperatures going from room temperature (RT) to 120°C and strain rates ranging from quasi-static conditions to 10 s−1 by means of uniaxial tensile tests. The effect of material orientation is also investigated at RT and quasi-static strain rate of 0.001 s−1 pointing out a clear anisotropic behavior. The tensile properties including Young’s modulus E, ultimate tensile strength σ ult and strain at failure ɛ f are determined based on the Standard ISO-527 reporting an obvious sensitivity of the material to temperature and strain rate. Based on literature review, the phenomenological isotropic constitutive model of G’Sell and Jonas, originally designed for unreinforced semi-crystalline polymers, is selected to describe the mechanical behavior of the studied material. A modification of the original constitutive equation is proposed for a better representation of the overall behavior of the material at different temperature and strain rate conditions. Finally, the validity of this phenomenological law calibrated by means of the uniaxial tests, is evaluated for an equi-biaxial loading state close to that encountered by the material during heat assisted sheet forming process. The significant disagreement highlighted between numerical and experimental results proved that the uniaxial tensile tests are not sufficient to characterize the behavior of the material when a complex loading condition is imposed.

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