Anna Kovalenko, Makhamet Urtenov, Vladimir Chekanov, Natalya Kandaurova

Theoretical Analysis of the Influence of Spacers on Salt Ion Transport in Electromembrane Systems Considering the Main Coupled Effects

  • Filtration and Separation
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

This article considers a theoretical analysis of the influence of the main coupled effects and spacers on the transfer of salt ions in electromembrane systems (EMS) using a 2D mathematical model of the transfer process in a desalting channel with spacers based on boundary value problems for the coupled system of Nernst–Planck–Poisson and Navier–Stokes equations. The basic patterns of salt ion transport have been established, taking into account diffusion, electromigration, forced convection, electroconvection, dissociation/recombination reactions of water molecules, as well as spacers located inside the desalting channel. It has been shown that spacers and taking into account the dissociation/recombination reaction of water molecules significantly change both the formation and development of electroconvection. This article confirms the fact of the exaltation of the limiting current studied by Harkatz, where it is shown that the current (flux) of salt ions increases when the dissociation reaction begins by a certain value called the exaltation current, which is proportional to the flow of water dissociation products. A significant combined effect of electroconvection and dissociation/recombination reactions as well as the spacer system in the desalting channel on the transport of salt ions are shown. The complex, nonlinear, and non-stationary interaction of all the main effects of concentration polarization and spacers in the desalting channel are also considered in the work.

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