DOI: 10.1111/pbi.14304 ISSN: 1467-7644

The C4 photosynthesis bifunctional enzymes, PDRPs, of maize are co‐opted to cytoplasmic viral replication complexes to promote infection of a prevalent potyvirus sugarcane mosaic virus

Jipeng Xie, Xiaohong Fei, Qin Yan, Tong Jiang, Zhifang Li, Hui Chen, Baichen Wang, Qing Chao, Yueqiu He, Zaifeng Fan, Lijin Wang, Meng Wang, Liang Shi, Tao Zhou
  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Biotechnology


In maize, two pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) regulatory proteins, ZmPDRP1 and ZmPDRP2, are respectively specific to the chloroplast of mesophyll cells (MCs) and bundle sheath cells (BSCs). Functionally, ZmPDRP1/2 catalyse both phosphorylation/inactivation and dephosphorylation/activation of ZmPPDK, which is implicated as a major rate‐limiting enzyme in C4 photosynthesis of maize. Our study here showed that maize plants lacking ZmPDRP1 or silencing of ZmPDRP1/2 confer resistance to a prevalent potyvirus sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). We verified that the C‐terminal domain (CTD) of ZmPDRP1 plays a key role in promoting viral infection while independent of enzyme activity. Intriguingly, ZmPDRP1 and ZmPDRP2 re‐localize to cytoplasmic viral replication complexes (VRCs) following SCMV infection. We identified that SCMV‐encoded cytoplasmic inclusions protein CI targets directly ZmPDRP1 or ZmPDRP2 or their CTDs, leading to their re‐localization to cytoplasmic VRCs. Moreover, we found that CI could be degraded by the 26S proteasome system, while ZmPDRP1 and ZmPDRP2 could up‐regulate the accumulation level of CI through their CTDs by a yet unknown mechanism. Most importantly, with genetic, cell biological and biochemical approaches, we provide evidence that BSCs‐specific ZmPDRP2 could accumulate in MCs of Zmpdrp1 knockout (KO) lines, revealing a unique regulatory mechanism crossing different cell types to maintain balanced ZmPPDK phosphorylation, thereby to keep maize normal growth. Together, our findings uncover the genetic link of the two cell‐specific maize PDRPs, both of which are co‐opted to VRCs to promote viral protein accumulation for robust virus infection.

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