DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2023.0087 ISSN: 1364-503X

The profile of the Higgs boson: status and prospects

Karl Jakobs, Giulia Zanderighi
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Engineering
  • General Mathematics

The Higgs boson, which was discovered at CERN in 2012, stands out as a remarkable elementary particle with distinct characteristics. Unlike any other observed particle, it possesses zero spin within the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. Theoretical predictions had anticipated the existence of this scalar boson, postulating its interaction with the W and Z bosons as well as through Yukawa interactions with fermions. Furthermore, the Higgs boson can interact with itself, commonly referred to as the Higgs self-interaction. In this review, the current state of experimental and theoretical investigations of Higgs boson production at the Large Hadron Collider and the ongoing efforts to unravel its properties are described, and an up-to-date assessment of our understanding of the Higgs sector of the SM is provided. In addition, potential links between the Higgs boson and significant unresolved questions within the realm of particle physics are presented.

This article is part of the theme issue ‘The particle-gravity frontier’.

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