DOI: 10.1002/acm2.14141 ISSN:

The CNN model aided the study of the clinical value hidden in the implant images

Xinxu Huang, Xingyu Chen, Xinnan Zhong, Taoran Tian
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiation



This article aims to construct a new method to evaluate radiographic image identification results based on artificial intelligence, which can complement the limited vision of researchers when studying the effect of various factors on clinical implantation outcomes.


We constructed a convolutional neural network (CNN) model using the clinical implant radiographic images. Moreover, we used gradient‐weighted class activation mapping (Grad‐CAM) to obtain thermal maps to present identification differences before performing statistical analyses. Subsequently, to verify whether these differences presented by the Grad‐CAM algorithm would be of value to clinical practices, we measured the bone thickness around the identified sites. Finally, we analyzed the influence of the implant type on the implantation according to the measurement results.


The thermal maps showed that the sites with significant differences between Straumann BL and Bicon implants as identified by the CNN model were mainly the thread and neck area. (2) The heights of the mesial, distal, buccal, and lingual bone of the Bicon implant post‐op were greater than those of Straumann BL (P < 0.05). (3) Between the first and second stages of surgery, the amount of bone thickness variation at the buccal and lingual sides of the Bicon implant platform was greater than that of the Straumann BL implant (P < 0.05).


According to the results of this study, we found that the identified‐neck‐area of the Bicon implant was placed deeper than the Straumann BL implant, and there was more bone resorption on the buccal and lingual sides at the Bicon implant platform between the first and second stages of surgery. In summary, this study proves that using the CNN classification model can identify differences that complement our limited vision.

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