DOI: 10.1097/rct.0000000000001542 ISSN:

Artificial Intelligence Iterative Reconstruction in Computed Tomography Angiography: An Evaluation on Pulmonary Arteries and Aorta With Routine Dose Settings

Huan Gong, Liying Peng, Xiangdong Du, Jiajia An, Rui Peng, Rui Guo, Xu Ma, Sining Xiong, Qin Ma, Guozhi Zhang, Jing Ma
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging


The objective of this study is to investigate whether a newly introduced deep learning–based iterative reconstruction algorithm, namely, the artificial intelligence iterative reconstruction (AIIR), has a clinical value in computed tomography angiography (CTA), especially for visualizing vascular structures and related lesions, with routine dose settings.


A total of 63 patients were retrospectively collected from the triple rule-out CTA examinations, where both pulmonary and aortic data were available for each patient and were taken as the example for investigation. The images were reconstructed using the filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR), and the AIIR. The visibility of vasculature and pulmonary emboli and the general image quality were assessed.


Artificial intelligence iterative reconstruction resulted in significantly (P < 0.001) lower noise as well as higher signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio compared with FBP and HIR. Besides, AIIR achieved the highest subjective scores on general image quality (P < 0.05). For the vasculature visibility, AIIR offered the best vessel conspicuity, especially for the small vessels (P < 0.05). Also, >90% of emboli on the AIIR images were graded as sharp (score 5), whereas <15% of emboli on FBP and HIR images were scored 5.


As demonstrated for pulmonary and aortic CTAs, AIIR improves the image quality and offers a better depiction for vascular structures compared with FBP and HIR. The visibility of the pulmonary emboli was also increased by AIIR.

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