DOI: 10.3390/ncrna9050050 ISSN:

Systematic Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Inflammasome Activation in Monocytes/Macrophages

Na Qian, Rebecca Distefano, Mirolyuba Ilieva, Jens Hedelund Madsen, Sarah Rennie, Shizuka Uchida
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

The NLRP3 inflammasome plays a pivotal role in regulating inflammation and immune responses. Its activation can lead to an inflammatory response and pyroptotic cell death. This is beneficial in the case of infections, but excessive activation can lead to chronic inflammation and tissue damage. Moreover, while most of the mammalian genome is transcribed as RNAs, only a small fraction codes for proteins. Among non-protein-coding RNAs, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play key roles in regulating gene expression and cellular processes. They interact with DNA, RNAs, and proteins, and their dysregulation can provide insights into disease mechanisms, including NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Here, we systematically analyzed previously published RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data of NLRP3 inflammasome activation in monocytes/macrophages to uncover inflammasome-regulated lncRNA genes. To uncover the functional importance of inflammasome-regulated lncRNA genes, one inflammasome-regulated lncRNA, ENSG00000273124, was knocked down in an in vitro model of macrophage polarization. The results indicate that silencing of ENSG00000273124 resulted in the up-regulation tumor necrosis factor (TNF), suggesting that this lncRNA might be involved in pro-inflammatory response in macrophages. To make our analyzed data more accessible, we developed the web database InflammasomeDB.

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