Synthetic microbial consortia for the treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection in mice modelJinqiu Liu, Wei Zhu, Duncan James Lessing, Weihua Chu
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) as of recent has become a great concern to the impact on human health due to its high hazardous risk and rate of recurrence. Live bacterial therapeutics is a promising method to treat or prevent CDI. Here, a synthetic microbial consortia (SMC) B10 was constructed using probiotic strains with antibacterial and anti‐quorum sensing activities, and the therapeutic effect of SMC B10 against C. difficile infection was evaluated in vitro. Compared to the model group, the treatment of SMC B10 significantly increased the survival rate. The clinical signs of mice were significantly ameliorated, especially the cecum injury, while the secretion of pro‐inflammatory associated cytokines such as IL‐1α, IL‐6, IL‐17A and TNF‐α was reduced, the expression of TLR4 was inhibited, which alleviated the inflammatory response, and the expression of the tight junction protein Claudin‐1 was increased, ultimately promoting the recovery of host health. The treatment of B10 restored gut microbiota dysbiosis and led to a healthy intestinal microbiota structure, significantly improved alpha diversity, suppressing potentially harmful bacteria and restoring other core bacterial species. In conclusion, SMC B10 can effectively treat CDI through modulate gut microbiota and attenuate the inflammatory response.