DOI: 10.36106/gjra/7607089 ISSN:


Abhay Kumar Pandey, Abha Pandit
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Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is becoming a major cause of mortality and morbidity in developing and developed countries now. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus as well as chronic kidney disease (CKD) are treated as some major comorbidities for coronary artery disease patients. We have very limited researchbased information regarding the frequency of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease among coronary artery disease patients. The aim of the study was to assess the frequencies of hypertension, Aim of the study: diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease among coronary artery disease patients. This was a prospective ob Methods: servational study and was conducted in the Department of Medicine, Index Medical College and Research Centre, Indore, India from June 2020 to May 2021. A total of 83 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were included in this study as the study subjects. A convenient purposive sampling technic was used in sample selection. All the clinical as well as demographic information of the participants was recorded. A predesigned questionnaire was used in data collection. All data were collected, processed and analyzed by using the MS Ofce program. In analyzing the frequencies of hypertension, diabetes and Results: CKD among our total participants, we observed that only hypertension, diabetes and CKD were in 10%, 7% and 6% cases, respectively. On the other hand, hypertension with diabetes, hypertension with CKD and diabetes with CKD were present in 11%, 8% and 6% cases, respectively. Among our total participants, in 5% of cases, all the 3 diseases, hypertension, diabetes and CKD, were present and 47% were free from those diseases. Hypertension is the most frequent comorbid Conclusion: ity in patients with coronary artery disease patients as a single comorbidity. More than 50% of CAD patients have any one or more types of comorbidities among hypertension, diabetes mellitus and CKD.

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