DOI: 10.3390/molecules28176374 ISSN:

Synthesis of Spirocyclopropane-Containing 4H-Pyrazolo[1,5-a]indoles via Alkylative Dearomatization and Intramolecular N-Imination of an Indole–O-(Methylsulfonyl)oxime

Jiann-Jyh Huang, Hung-Chun Liao, Cheng-En Hsu, Yan-Ru Liu, Yi-Fu Chang, Shan-Yen Chou
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

In this paper, we report the synthesis of spirocyclopropane-containing 4H-pyrazolo[1,5-a]indoles 6a–e via alkylative dearomatization and intramolecular N-imination of indole–O-(methylsulfonyl)oxime 11. Starting materials tryptophol (7) and 2-bromocyclopetanone (8) were reacted in the presence of HBF4·OEt2, providing 1,2,3,5,6,11-hexahydrocyclopenta[2,3]oxepino[4,5-b]indole (9) in a 63% yield. Compound 9 was reacted with hydroxylamine hydrochloride to afford oxime 10 (65% yield), which was subsequently bis-methanesulfonated to form 11 in a 85% yield. Heating 11 with various alcohols in the presence of N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA) triggered the alkylative dearomatization and intramolecular N-imination, forming the spirocyclopropane and 4H-pyrazolo[1,5-a]indole structures in the targets 6a–e with 67–84% yields.

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