DOI: 10.3390/cancers15174372 ISSN:

Survival Prediction of Patients with Bladder Cancer after Cystectomy Based on Clinical, Radiomics, and Deep-Learning Descriptors

Di Sun, Lubomir Hadjiiski, John Gormley, Heang-Ping Chan, Elaine M. Caoili, Richard H. Cohan, Ajjai Alva, Vikas Gulani, Chuan Zhou
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Accurate survival prediction for bladder cancer patients who have undergone radical cystectomy can improve their treatment management. However, the existing predictive models do not take advantage of both clinical and radiological imaging data. This study aimed to fill this gap by developing an approach that leverages the strengths of clinical (C), radiomics (R), and deep-learning (D) descriptors to improve survival prediction. The dataset comprised 163 patients, including clinical, histopathological information, and CT urography scans. The data were divided by patient into training, validation, and test sets. We analyzed the clinical data by a nomogram and the image data by radiomics and deep-learning models. The descriptors were input into a BPNN model for survival prediction. The AUCs on the test set were (C): 0.82 ± 0.06, (R): 0.73 ± 0.07, (D): 0.71 ± 0.07, (CR): 0.86 ± 0.05, (CD): 0.86 ± 0.05, and (CRD): 0.87 ± 0.05. The predictions based on D and CRD descriptors showed a significant difference (p = 0.007). For Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, the deceased and alive groups were stratified successfully by C (p < 0.001) and CRD (p < 0.001), with CRD predicting the alive group more accurately. The results highlight the potential of combining C, R, and D descriptors to accurately predict the survival of bladder cancer patients after cystectomy.

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