DOI: 10.3390/nu15163586 ISSN:

Spanish Pediatricians’ Positions Regarding Prevention, Diagnosis, Nutritional Management, and Challenges in Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy

Rafael Martín-Masot, Juan José Díaz-Martín, Alicia Santamaría-Orleans, Víctor Manuel Navas-López
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Management of cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) can vary depending on the experience and area of expertise of the clinician responsible for the patient’s follow-up, which may or may not align with the recently published literature. To analyze the perspectives of Spanish pediatricians on this topic, a survey was conducted. The survey aimed to determine the current opinions and attitudes of 222 primary care and hospital pediatricians toward CMPA prevention and nutritional management. Participating pediatricians completed the questionnaire, providing insights into their daily clinical practices, including access to testing, attitudes with respect to various aspects of CMPA diagnosis, prevention, oral food challenges, and treatment. The findings revealed that pediatricians generally agree on the use of extensively hydrolyzed formulas (eHFs) to prevent CMPA in high-risk atopic children, despite limited evidence supporting the widespread use of this practice. However, consensus was lacking regarding the utility of formulas with prebiotics and probiotics for expediting tolerance development. In most cases, pediatricians preferred eHFs for the nutritional management of CMPA, followed by hydrolyzed rice formulas (HRFs), with amino-acid-based formulas (AAFs) being the third option. Certain issues remained controversial among pediatricians, such as prevention methods, symptom assessment, and the role of probiotics. These variations in management approaches reflect the influence of clinician experience and area of expertise, underscoring the need for standardized guidelines in this field.

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