DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.3646 ISSN:

Assessment of hepatoprotective, nephroprotective efficacy, and antioxidative potential of Moringa oleifera leaf powder and ethanolic extract against PCOS‐induced female albino mice (Mus Musculus)

Shakeela Khalid, Muhammad Arshad, Komal Raza, Shahid Mahmood, Farzana Siddique, Nida Aziz, Sarfraz Khan, Waseem Khalid, Ammar AL‐Farga, Faisal Aqlan
  • Food Science


Moringa oleifera is a medicinal plant that has anti‐inflammatory, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, tissue‐protective, and antioxidant activities. Here, we evaluated the protective effect of M. oleifera leaf powder (MoLP) and 70% ethanol M. oleifera leaf extract (MoLE) on mitigating polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)‐induced liver and kidney dysfunction via regulating oxidative stress in female albino mice (Mus musculus). The efficacy of M. oleifera was compared with metformin (standard medicine used to treat infertility in women). PCOS was induced by intramuscular injection of testosterone enanthate at 1.0 mg/100 g BW for 35 days. PCOS‐induced mice were treated with MoLP (250 and 500 mg/Kg), MoLE (250 and 500 mg/kg), and metformin (250 mg/kg) orally for 14 days. Renal function test (RFT), liver function test (LFT), and oxidative stress biomarker malondialdehyde (MDA) were quantified in serum at 0, 7, and 14 days of intervention. Mice treated with M. oleifera and metformin showed a significant decrease (p < .001) in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphate (ALP), total bilirubin, urea, creatinine, and a significant increase (p < .001) in total protein, albumin, globulin, and albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio. Oxidative stress decreased significantly (p = .00) with respect to treatments, exposure days, and their interaction in metformin and all M. oleifera‐treated groups. M. oleifera leaf powder and extract reduce oxidative stress and enhance nephron‐hepatic activity in PCOS‐induced female albino mice.

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