DOI: 10.3390/healthcare11162284 ISSN:

Socio-Demographic Factors and Public Knowledge of Antibiotic Resistance

Vedika Bhatt, Sasheela Sri La Sri Ponnampalavanar, Chun Wie Chong, Li Yoong Tang, Karthikayini Krishnasamy, Sheron Sir Loon Goh, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh
  • Health Information Management
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Policy
  • Leadership and Management

(1) Background: Antibiotic resistance is a serious health issue, and raising public awareness of it is crucial to combating it. This study aimed to assess the socio-demographic factors associated with knowledge of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in Malaysia. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between April 2022 and March 2023. Malaysian adults aged ≥18 years old and able to understand English or Malay were recruited. During data collection, the WHO questionnaire “Antibiotic Resistance, Multi-Country Public Awareness Survey” was used. Data were collected across 14 states in Malaysia. (3) Results: A total of 517 participants completed the questionnaire. Most participants were females (67.9%), aged 30–49 (46%), and from central Malaysia (69.8%). Most participants (98.5%) reported taking antibiotics. A misconception presented was that sore throats, fevers, colds, and flu can be treated with antibiotics. A total of 58.8% of participants had high knowledge of antibiotic usage (scores 12–15), while 64% had high knowledge of antibiotic resistance (scores 9–14). Findings indicate that increasing age, income, and education were associated with higher knowledge. (4) Conclusions: This study highlights the knowledge deficiency of antibiotic resistance among Malaysians. Educational programs should engage a younger and lower socio-economic population to increase awareness.

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